2 The Need to Plan
2 The Need to Plan
2.1 Any organisation's operations require planning. This should involve a strategic manager or management team devising a plan; the training of relevant personnel in how the plan works and their roles within it; and the testing of both planning and training to ensure that the plan works in practice.
2.2 In emergency response operations it is usually the case that responding organisations' planning will need to take other organisations' planning into account. In maritime search and rescue (SAR), for example, the centre which coordinates the response may be run by one organisation, while at least some of the SAR units (rescue vessels, aircraft etc) are operated by others. For the response to be efficient and effective it is necessary for these organisations to plan together – to link their own plans with those of the other response agencies. The IMRF recommends the establishment of committees for this purpose, at the regional, national and/or international level as appropriate.
2.3 In some cases additional SAR resources such as shipping in the area will also become involved in the response – and this complicates the picture further. It is usually impractical for the relevant emergency response organisations to plan directly with such resources or their parent organisations. The response organisations – and especially the coordinating authority – therefore need to develop a generic plan to include such resources. The resources themselves should also have their own emergency plans.
2.4 For ships at sea generic guidance on their potential roles in SAR operations is available to operators and masters in Volume III of the International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue (IAMSAR) Manual. It is recommended that where practicable – for ships operating regularly in a particular area, for example, such as ferries – this generic planning should be enhanced by direct planning with the relevant SAR authorities. This is a requirement for some passenger ships. See guidance paper 2.1.
2.5 The situation is more complicated in mass rescue operations. By definition, in MROs 'the capabilities normally available to the SAR authorities are inadequate'. It is therefore necessary to plan specifically to fill this 'capability gap'. Extra resource has to be identified, and its involvement in the response planned for.
2.6 In MROs the organisations which usually respond to maritime emergencies will also have to work with 'strangers'. These 'strangers' may be organisations with which they do not usually work – shipping companies and shoreside major emergency response organisations, for example – or officials at higher levels than they usually encounter. MRO planning should encompass all these probabilities.